Agroforestry is the management and integration of trees, crops, and/or livestock on the same plot of land and can be an integral component of productive agriculture. It may include existing native forests and forests established by landholders. It is a flexible concept, involving both small and large-sized landholdings.
Scientifically speaking, Agroforestry is derived from ecology and is one of the three principal land-use sciences, the other two being agriculture and forestry. Agroforestry differs from the latter two principles by emphasizing the integration of and interactions among a combination of elements rather than just focussing on each element individually.
Scientifically speaking, agroforestry is derived from ecology and is one of the three principal land-use sciences, the other two being agriculture and forestry
Agroforestry differs from the latter two principles by emphasizing the integration of and interactions among a combination of elements rather than just focussing on each element individually
In science as in life and business, it depends upon natural communities living together to achieve specific goals or benefit people who choose their use for that purpose.
Agroforestry has a lot in common with intercropping (the practice of planting two or more crops on the same plot) with both practices emphasizing the interaction between different plant species. Generally speaking, both Agroforestry and intercropping can result in higher overall yields and reduced operational costs.
The term ecologically-based implies using systems grounded within nature, not against them (environmental bioregionalism) but instead focusing upon biological processes operating under conditions where they are compatible with others working around those basic principles which govern biology.” – Wikipedia.
Some examples: Acres planted specifically for grass cover will yield higher yields per acre when managed properly so you should try this technique during your first year’s home garden setup! However, if your goal is to grow some shade over hardwood bark pine tree plants.
The Benefits of Agroforestry:
Agroforestry can provide a diverse farm economy and stimulate the entire rural economy, contributing to more stable farms and communities. Multiproduct systems reduce the risks associated with economic development.
Under Agroforestry, roots play at least as important a role as aboveground biomass in maintaining soil fertility.
Nutrient release from decomposing tree residues can be coordinated with crop nutrient uptake requirements. The addition of high-quality prunings to the soil at the time of crop planting can usually produce a good degree of synchrony between nutrient release and demand between different trees and crops, although there will always be some imbalance.
Soil fertility can be maintained significantly through tree decomposition and pruning. A large increase in crop yields can be attributed to the use of high-quality tree prunings.
The trees can probably increase the nutrient input to Agroforestry systems by pulling nutrients from lower soil horizons and weathering rock.
In Agroforestry Systems, nitrogen-fixing trees and shrubs can significantly increase nitrogen inputs.
Agricultural systems can be more water-efficient with Agroforestry. However, trees and crops compete for water in dry regions.
Insect pests and diseases associated with them can be reduced.
Reclaiming eroded and degraded land is possible with them.
Solar energy is more efficiently utilized in plants with higher heights, differently shaped leaves, and different alignments.
Alternatively, they can mitigate or prevent the development of existing toxicities, as well as reducing the acidification or salinization of soils, as well as reclaim polluted soils.
They can maintain more favorable soil physical properties than agriculture, through organic matter maintenance and the effects of tree roots.
They can control runoff and soil erosion, thereby reducing losses of water, soil material, organic matter, and nutrients.
They can maintain soil organic matter and biological activity at levels satisfactory for soil fertility. This depends on an adequate proportion of trees in the system- normally at least 20% crown cover of trees to maintain organic matter over systems as a whole. In general, they are unable or unwilling under any circumstances with no consideration afforded to plant vitality. They must be able to properly function when other requirements (such also being drought conditions) have become more acute such that their performance is sub-optimal relative: high moisture load (<20%) makes them susceptible either temporarily or permanently during these severe dry spells; especially if it falls only after rainfall has already occurred. Also, stress causes loss from foliar root development into leaf tissue due primarily not merely Nitro-Generation but phytotoxic damage through which this does occur, although recovery requires some time before there can effectively be restored by chemical treatment without immediate danger.
As well as building on practices used in forestry and agriculture, Agroforestry also works towards land protection and conservation through more effective protection of stock, control of soil erosion, salinity and water tables, and higher quality control of timber.
A denser, more-dependable tree covering can provide shelter to livestock during the warmer months allowing the animals can conserve energy. That same tree covering helps block out wind, helping to boost water retention levels that can help produce a more robust crop yield.
According to the Central Queensland Forest Association (based in rainforest-rich Northern Australia), Agroforestry can improve land protection in the following areas:
Salinity and water table control:
Reduces nutrient loss from soils which results not only directly into agricultural production, but is associated with decreased harvests among other effects. This type applies specifically to drought-prone regions such near coastlines, especially when these types are combined along coastal corridors.
Salinity is mainly caused by rising water tables. Trees help to lower water tables, acting as pumps to take up water from the soil and then evaporate it into the atmosphere.
Soil erosion control:
Soil erosion or loss results from the action of wind and water on unprotected soils. The forest canopy, roots, and leaf litter all have a role in controlling soil erosion. A study done at Tufts University indicates that more than 90 percent (95%) are controlled with chemical treatments for weed-control purposes. These chemicals include phosphorous salts/biofuel compounds, chlorinated boric acid solutions (both fertilizer and herbicides), nitrogen dioxide fertilizers, carbonate stone mixes, phytates, foliar insecticidal products, fungicides, mineral sand. In some cases, they may be applied directly onto leaves using plastic bags topped off with treated earthworms. Unfortunately, most growers do not understand how these can work together under natural conditions so if you need treatment contact your local plant care company before planting any trees where tree bar.
Through water removal, established trees can substantially reduce waterlogging in their immediate area, which may result in improved land uses, e.g. Pasture or crop.
Agroforestry can have immense benefits for the environment and the farmer (a detailed breakdown of Agroforestry’s main benefits can be found on AgriInfo’s site). For farmers, the ability to maintain some sort of control over land and production in the face of climate change means Agroforestry could hold huge promise for the agricultural sector.
On an environmental level, Agroforestry’s ability to help prevent soil erosion while simultaneously aiding water retention and promoting soil fertility could help provide a solution for areas where rainfall is irregular or might become irregular due to climate change while dense plantations of trees would also help absorb CO2 and regulate local temperature during seasons when that air conditioner breaks down.
Among all professions, farming is considered the noblest, because it turns earth, and manure, into gold, conferring upon its cultivator the additional reward of health. Vibez Group was founded on this beautiful idea. For the purpose of creating a sustainable future that works for everyone, we created a community that offers people the chance to learn, connect, engage, travel, and cherish life on the farm. What good would it be if it didn’t make financial sense? That’s why our farmland is a great investment. It is located in the western ghats, just a few hours from Bangalore.
Continual innovation and meticulous planning keep us on the path to a sustainable and greener future.
- Land without any hassle of maintenance.
- A great gift for the future generations
- The right choice of high appreciating farmland units close to Bangalore
- Farmland has been appreciated more than urban real estate, Gold, and equities
- Own a farm and connect with nature
- Defend against inflation
- Income that is tax-efficient.
As a commodity, land has many uses and benefits. Land ownership, however, is accompanied by a significant amount of paperwork and background checks. Legal formalities can be intimidating for some, but owning a managed farmland can be extremely rewarding and fulfilling once completed.
Some are mentioned below:
Checking the title of farmland is a fundamental compliance requirement that must be met prior to purchase. It is critical to ensure that there are no title or land area disputes. Farmland title verification should go back at least 40 years from the purchase date. Probing into the earliest document recorded should always be the first step in tracing ownership. This is critical unless you want to buy a seemingly fertile but disputed piece of land.
Below are some of the necessary documents involved in the process:
- Check the Encumbrance Certificate: Before purchasing a plot, it is critical to ensure that the land is free of legal encumbrances. This document is useful in determining the encumbrances on the property for a specific time period.
- Property Tax Receipts and Bills: It is recommended that you ask the seller for previous property tax receipts, as well as any other bills associated with the plot. This will assist you in avoiding future taxation issues.
- RTC (Record of Rights, Tenancy, and Cultivation): An RTC is a yearly document that is essential in title verification. It reveals information such as ownership, possession, tenancy, soil type, number of trees on the property, and other specifics. It is recommended to obtain the said document for at least 40 years from the date of purchase because it discloses the flow of ownership on an annual basis.
Index of land, Mutation Extract, Family Tree History, Patta Book, and Khata certificate are some other important documents involved in the process.